This proceedings contains six keynote contributions and 194 peer-reviewed papers that were submitted to the 23rd Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials (ACMSM23). ACMSM23 was hosted by Southern Cross University (SCU), Australia, and was held in Byron Bay as well as the Lismore campus of SCU from 9-12 December 2014.

The inaugural ACMSM was hosted by the University of New South Wales, Australia, in 1967 and the proceedings contained 15 submissions arising from Australia, New Zealand and India. Since then, ACMSM has usually been held biennially in Australia and New Zealand and it has certainly grown in stature and reach. This 23rd ACMSM offering is the first time it has been held in the Northern Rivers region of New South Wales, Australia. As an indicator of the growth of the conference series the proceedings of ACMSM23 contains 200 submissions produced by 384 authors from 17 countries around the world. ACMSM has nurtured many graduate students over the years, and has stimulated discussion and action within academic and industry circles. The breadth of the scope of ACMSM ensures it attracts a healthy cross-section of contributors and attendees working in fields concerned with the mechanics of structures and materials.

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Keynote submissions

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Bridging the gap between engineering practice and academia: a materials supply perspective, D Baweja

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Seismic design of buildings: looking towards the future, R P. Dhakal

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Design of high-rise buildings: past, present and future, K Kayvani

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Performance enhancement of structures through the use of fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites, J G. Teng

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Structural fire behaviour: a necessary component of structural optimization, J L. Torero

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Fixing Australia’s infrastructure, J L. Wilson

Concrete and geopolymer materials papers

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Creep mechanisms in asphaltic concrete, Esmaeil Ahmadinia, Frank Bullen, and Ron Ayers

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Creep and shrinkage behavior of high strength self-consolidating concrete (HS-SCC) and normal strength self-consolidating concrete (NS-SCC) compared to code models, H H. Alghazali and J J. Myers

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The compressive strength of mortar made with cement containing limestone mineral addition, cement kiln dust and fly ash, B T. Benn, D Baweja, and J E. Mills

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The impact of photocatalytic on degradation of poly aromatic hydrocarbons through permeable concrete, J R. Bolt, Y Zhuge, and F Bullen

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Flexural behavior of basalt fibre reinforced ferrocement composite, S Chen, Y Zhuge, G X. Lu, and D R. Eising

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Design of epoxy resin based polymer concrete matrix for composite railway sleeper, Wahid Ferdous, Allan Manalo, Thiru Aravinthan, and Gerard Van Erp

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Effect of composition of fly ash on compressive strength of fly ash based geopolymer mortar, M P. Gunasekara, D W. Law, and S Setunge

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Asphalt cement modification technology, Falah Hussein

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Properties of concrete using scoria lightweight aggregate concrete, I Lau, S Setunge, and N Gamage

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Stress-strain behaviour of unconfined polymer concrete, Weena Lokuge and Thiru Aravinthan

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Geopolymer concrete: the green alternative with suitable structural properties, Majid Muttashar, Weena Lokuge, and Warna Karunasena

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Development of high volume fly ash concrete using ultra-fine fly ash, Himabindu Myadaraboina, Mochamad Solikin, Indubhushan Patnaikuni, and Sujeeva Setunge

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A novel method for tensile testing of very early-age concrete, Duy Nguyen and Vinh Dao

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Refined plasticity model for concrete stress-strain relationship part II: inclusion of size effect, Bambang Piscesa, Mario M. Attard, and Ali Khajeh Samani

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Refined plasticity model for concrete stress-strain relationship part I: prediction of peak stress and residual stress, Bambang Piscesa, Mario M. Attard, and Ali Khajeh Samani

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Analysing the pozzolanic reactivity of nano-silica in cement paste, Madhuwanthi Rupasinghe, Rackel San Nicolas, Priyan Mendis, and Massoud Sofi

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Resilience, resources and concrete, W South

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Effect of supplementary cementitious materials on the properties of pervious concrete with fixed porosity, R Sri Ravindrarajah and S J. Kassis

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Static and dynamic performance of a newly developed steel fibre-reinforced self-compacting concrete, J Xu, C Wu, and Y Su

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The effect of efflorescence on the mechanical properties of fly ash-based geopolymer binders, Z H. Zhang, T Yang, and H Wang

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Material properties and impact resistance of a new lightweight engineered cementitious composite, Y Zhuge, C J. Shen, G X. Lu, G Hesse, S Chen, and D Ruan

Synthetic and nature-based materials papers

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Effect of heat treatment on the recovery stresses generated by super-elastic NiTi shape memory alloy wires, A Abdy, H Sadiq, and R Al-Mahaidi

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NIR for structural characterization of nanoclay-modified adhesive used in CFRP applications, R Al-Safy, R Al-Mahaidi, and G P. Simon

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Bond properties of rubber modified epoxy, Amad-Adeen Baiuk, Riyadh Al-Ameri, and Bronwyn Fox

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Performance of short noil hemp fibre polypropylene composites, A Etaati, S Pather, and H Wang

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Factors influencing phase transformations of NiTi wires for civil structure applications, H Fang, M B. Wong, and Y Bai

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Effects of Geosynthetic reinforcement on the mechanical behaviour of composite materials for vibration isolation, D R. Manohar, P Anbazhagan, M Neaz Sheikh, and Hing-Ho Tsang

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Flexural behaviour of glass fibre reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars subjected to elevated temperature, G B. Maranan, A C. Manalo, W Karunasena, B Benmokrane, and D Lutze

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The effect of cutting techniques on material properties of pre-stressed bars, O Mirza, J Taing, A Satukitkosol, A Yalda, and K Kukla

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The role of minor modifying additives on soldering properties of Sn-Ag-Cu green solders, A O. Olofinjana, N Y. Voo, and M Matahir

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Compressive, tensile and thermal properties of epoxy grouts subjected to underwater conditioning at elevated temperature, M Shamsuddoha, M M. Islam, T Aravinthan, A Manalo, and L P. Djukic

Recycled materials papers

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Mechanical behaviour of sustainable concrete with waste ceramic aggregate replacement, D J. Anderson, Scott T. Smith, and F T K Au

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Effect of elevated temperature on the tensile properties of recycled mixed plastic waste, Rohan Muni Bajracharya, Allan C. Manalo, Warna Karunasena, and Kin-tak Lau

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Glass fibre and recycled mixed plastic wastes: recent developments and applications, Rohan Muni Bajracharya, Allan C. Manalo, Warna Karunasena, and Kin-tak Lau

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Pozzolanic reaction of glass powder and its influences on concrete properties, Hongjian Du, Hongchen Jacey Gao, and Wei Li

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Comparing the variability in mechanical properties of concrete made from recycled concrete aggregates, T Haikmoller, A Olofinjana, and C Gerber

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Effect of silica fume on recycled aggregate concrete, P Huoth, T G. Suntharavadivel, and K Duan

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Abrasion and impact resistance investigation of crumbed rubber concrete (CRC), D Li, J E. Mills, B T. Benn, and X Ma

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Research on resistance to sulfates of fly ash based geopolymeric recycled concrete, L Tang, X S. Shi, Q Y. Wang, and Q Huang

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Prediction of crumb rubber concrete strength, O Youssf, M A. ElGawady, J E. Mills, and X Ma

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Material properties of concrete with different types of aggregates, X Yu, Z Tao, and T Y. Song

Concrete structures papers

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Feasibility of pinned-base connections for demountable precast frame building systems, P K. Aninthaneni, R P. Dhakal, and J Marshall

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Design of reinforced concrete corbels using AS3600-2009, S Fragomeni and R van Staden

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Flexural behaviour of high strength concrete composite incorporating long hooked-end steel fibres, N Ghosni, B Samali, and H Valipour

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Evaluation of structural behaviour of polypropylene fibre reinforced concrete beam under cyclic loading, N Ghosni, B Samali, and K Vessalas

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Experimental analysis of the strength at the panel point of R/C panel structure, T Hara and E Enmei

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Creep testing and analysis of high strength concrete panels under eccentric loading - buckling effects, Yue Huang, Ehab Hamed, and Stephen J. Foster

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Structural performance of composite panels filled with light-weight crumb rubber concrete, X Ma and J E. Mills

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Fundamentals, mechanisms and reactions in marine reinforcement corrosion, R E. Melchers

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Mechanics based models for ductility of fibre reinforced concrete beams, M S. Mohamed Ali and A H. Sheikh

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The effect of prestress force magnitude on the natural bending frequencies of prestressed concrete structures, D Noble, M Nogal, A J. O'Connor, and V Pakrashi

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Preliminary evaluation of seismic capacity of concrete highway bridges considering damage accumulation, M G. Sfahani, Hong Guan, and Yew-Chaye Loo

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Comparison of performance of shape memory alloy reinforced bridge piers with conventional bridge piers using incremental dynamic analysis, B Shrestha and H Hao

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Development of the compressive membrane action in partially-restrained reinforced concrete sub-assemblages, N Vessali, H Valipour, B Samali, and S J. Foster

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Mechanics solutions for quantifying ductility and moment redistribution at all load levels, P Visintin and D J. Oehlers

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Deformation prediction of shear critical RC beams based on a multi-angle truss model, Tiao Wang and Jian-Guo Dai

FRP-strengthened and all-FRP structures papers

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Dynamic simulation of CFRP strengthened steel column under impact loading, Iftekharul Alam, Sabrina Fawzia, Xuemei Liu, and C R J Batuwitage

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Effective bond length of modified cement-based adhesive for FRP-NSM strengthening system, G Al-Bayati and R Al-Mahaidi

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Confinement of heat-damaged RC circular columns using CFRP fabrics, Y S S Al-Kamaki, R Al-Mahaidi, and I D. Bennetts

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Bond characteristics between steel and CFRP laminate under impact loads, A Al-Mosawe and R Al-Mahaidi

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Effects of moisture, chlorides and sulphuric acid attack on CFRP to concrete bond interfaces, H Aydin, R J. Gravina, and P Visintin

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Finite element modeling of carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) strengthened steel tubes under axial impact, C R J Batuwitage, S Fawzia, X Liu, and Iftekharul Alam

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Rectangular hybrid FRP-concrete-steel double-skin tubular columns: stub column tests, G Cavill and T Yu

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A discrete crack propagation model for FRP-strengthened RC slabs, D Dias-da-Costa, G Ranzi, R Graca-e-Costa, and Scott T. Smith

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Experimental study on the effectiveness of CFRP strengthening of shear-deficient reinforced concrete beams under impact loading, M W. Goldston, A M. Remennikov, and M N. Sheikh

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Interfacial stress analysis of adhesively bonded joints, S A. Hadigheh and R J. Gravina

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Maximum usable strain of FRP-confined concrete cylinders, M NS Hadi and T M. Pham

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Seismic strengthening of exterior RC beam-column connections using concrete covers and CFRP, M NS Hadi and T M. Tran

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Durability study of CFRP strengthened steel circular hollow section members under marine environment, M H. Kabir, S Fawzia, and T HT Chan

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Characteristic values of pultruded fibre composite sections for structural design, S J. Kim, Scott T. Smith, and M Kemp

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Effect of CFRP wrapping time on rehabilitation of concrete damaged by alkali aggregate reaction, T Kubat, R Al-Mahaidi, and A Shayan

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Geopolymer concrete with FRP confinement, Kurt Lembo, Weena Lokuge, and Warna Karunasena

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Experimental study of RC walls with opening strengthened by CFRP, M M. Lima, J-H Doh, and D Miller

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An accurate stress-strain model for FRP-confined concrete based on a novel approach, J C. Lim and T Ozbakkaloglu

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Evaluation of the physical and mechanic properties of a composite railway turnout sleeper, A C. Manalo, G Maranan, and G Van Erp

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Parametric study of the behaviour of fibre-reinforced polymers (FRP) structural poles in high seismic zones, S Salib

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An experimental study on the effect of concrete shrinkage on compressive behaviour of high-strength concrete-filled FRP tubes, T Vincent and T Ozbakkaloglu

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Experimental study on the seismic performance of full-scale interior RC beam-column joints retrofitted with FRP composites, D Y. Wang, Z Y. Wang, and Scott T. Smith

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Effect of confinement on plastic hinge length of RC square columns, Yu-Fei Wu and Cheng Jiang

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Numerical simulation of FRP-to-concrete interfaces incorporating frictional resistance of debonded plate, H W. Zhang and Scott T. Smith

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Bond strength model for interfaces between near-surface mounted (NSM) CFRP strips and concrete, S S. Zhang, J G. Teng, and T Yu

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A brief review of CRP-metal systems subjected to impact and blast loading, X L. Zhao and R Al-Mahaidi

Steel and timber structures papers

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Bridging the gap between engineering practice and academia: a materials supply perspective, D Baweja

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Stability analysis of steel storage rack structures, A Firouzianhaji, A Saleh, and B Samali

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Distortional buckling behaviour of fire exposed cold-formed steel columns, S Gunalan and M Mahendran

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Web crippling studies of Duragal channel sections - ETF and ITF load cases, S Gunalan and M Mahendran

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Timber composite floor beams under 2 years long-term load, M Hailu, R Shrestha, and K I. Crews

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Failure of a low rail in a curved railway track subject to long term rail-wheel interactive wear, Hui Jiao and David Wood

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Shear capacities of rivet fastened rectangular hollow flange channel beams, P Keerthan and M Mahendran

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Introduction to cross laminated timber and development of design procedures for Australia and New Zealand, K Lewis, R Shrestha, and K I. Crews

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Modelling and parametric analysis of bolted connections on retrofitted transmission tower leg members, Chenghao Lu, Xing Ma, and Julie E. Mills

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Failure prediction of pitted brittle metal pipes, Ali Rajabipour and Robert E. Melchers

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Development of engineered bamboo using a low tech method, R Shrestha and K I. Crews

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Web crippling behaviour of C-section beams with web ribs, Lavan Sundararajah, Poologanathan Keerthan, and Mahen Mahendran