Ethical guidelines for research with children: a review of current research ethics documentation in New Zealand
Powell, MA & Smith AB 2006, 'Ethical guidelines for research with children: a review of current research ethics documentation in New Zealand', Kotuitui: New Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 125-138.
Published version available from:
Children’s rights to participate in matters affecting them, including research, have gained increasing recognition over recent decades. This recognition, and the growth in research with children as participants, has given rise to greater attention from researchers to ethical issues related to child research. This article reviews the current ethics documentation in New Zealand. The findings indicate that considerable variation exists between ethical codes and guidelines in relation to research with children. The dominant focus is on attending to issues of consent and protection from harm, at the outset of the research, rather than recognition of the ongoing nature of ethical issues throughout the research process. Although the findings indicate an increase in the consideration of ethical issues, the existing documentation is inconsistent and inadequate in attending to specific child-related issues. Suggestions are made to enhance children’s participation in research and demonstrate a respect for their participation rights.