Potential of SSR markers for plant breeding and variety identification in Australian barley germplasm

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Karakousis, A, Barr, AR, Chalmers, KJ, Ablett, GA, Holton, TA, Henry, RJ, Lim, P & Langridge, P 2003, 'Potential of SSR markers for plant breeding and variety identification in Australian barley germplasm', Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 54, no. 12, pp. 1197-1210.

The original publication is available at www.publish.csiro.au at http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/AR02178


SSR markers closely linked to 18 loci that control 16 important barley traits were assessed for their applicability in Australian barley breeding programs. A panel of 40 genotypes routinely used by the South Australian Barley Improvement Program (SABIP) was used to examine the usefulness of these SSR markers for marker assisted selection (MAS). The success of monitoring a trait locus from donor to recipient lines ranged from 10 to 98%, depending on the marker. SSRs with a high polymorphic information content (PIC) value were found to be the most useful for application in MAS. The assessment also indicated that SSRs derived from genomic sequences were more successful for MAS than those designed from expressed sequence tags. A total of 130 SSR markers were screened among 2 panels of Australian barley genotypes to determine which markers would be the most useful for discriminating Australian germplasm. PIC values generated by this screening were also compared with those generated using a panel of European barley genotypes. Using ordinary correlations (parametric), rank correlations (non-parametric), and partial correlations (multi-variate), a strong association was found between the 2 Australian panels, but no or weak correlation was observed between the 2 Australian panels and the European dataset. It can therefore be concluded that PIC values generated by SSR markers screened with European genotypes cannot be used to predict the usefulness of an SSR marker for discriminating Australian genotypes. From PIC values generated in this study, 36 SSR markers have been selected for the discrimination of Australian genotypes. These markers all show high and/or consistent PIC values among Australian and European barley genotypes.