Identification of microsatellite markers for fragrance in rice by analysis of the rice genome sequence

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Cordeiro, GM, Christopher, MJ, Henry, RJ & Reinke, RF 2002, 'Identification of microsatellite markers for fragrance in rice by analysis of the rice genome sequence', Molecular Breeding, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 245-250.

The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com at http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1020350725667

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Several chemical constituents are important to the fragrance of cooked rice. However, the chemical compound 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline (AP) is regarded as the most important component of fragrance in the basmati- and jasmine-style fragrant rices. AP is found in all parts of the plant except the roots. It is believed that a single recessive gene is responsible for the production of fragrance in most rice plants. The detection of fragrance can be carried out via sensory or chemical methods, although each has their disadvantages. To overcome these difficulties, we have identified an (AT)40 repeat microsatellite or simple sequence repeat (SSR) marker for fragrant and non-fragrant alleles of the fgr gene. Identification of this marker was facilitated through use of both the publicly available and restricted access sequence information of the Monsanto rice sequence databases. Fifty F2 individuals from a mapping population were genotyped for the polymorphic marker. This marker has a high polymorphism information content (PIC = 0.9). Other SSR markers linked to fragrance could be identified in the same way of use in other populations. This study demonstrates that analysis of the rice genome sequence is an effective option for identification of markers for use in rice improvement.