Monitoring of fluorescence during DNA melting as a method for discrimination and detection of PCR products in variety identification
Shepherd, M & Henry, RJ 1998, 'Monitoring of fluorescence during DNA melting as a method for discrimination and detection of PCR products in variety identification', Molecular Breeding, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 509-517.
The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com at http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1009644016878
DNA melting curves of genotype-specific PCR fragments were used to differentiate between species and amongst varieties of cereals. Melting curves were generated by ramping the temperature of PCR fragments through their dissociation temperature in the presence of a double-stranded DNA binding dye. Genotypes were discriminated by differences in the position and shape of the melting curve which is a function of the fragment's sequence, length and GC content. Amplification of 5S ribosomal RNA genes generated species-specific fragments for six of the major cereal crops. Of the 15 possible pairwise comparisons, 13 distinctions could be reliably made using melting curve position data. Wheat varieties were identified by the melting profiles of PCR products generated using microsatellite primers. DNA melting curve analysis was conveniently coupled with capillary-PCR using a LightCycler instrument to provide a rapid method of genotyping in cereals.