Effect of thinning on relationships between three measures of wood stiffness in Pinus radiata: standing trees vs. logs vs. short clear specimens
Raymond, CA, Joe, B, Anderson, DW & Watt, DJ 2008, 'Effect of thinning on relationships between three measures of wood stiffness in Pinus radiata: standing trees vs. logs vs. short clear specimens', Canadian Journal of Forest Research, vol. 38, no. 11, pp. 2870-2879.
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The effect of thinning on the relationship of wood quality traits measured on standing trees (dynamic modulus of elasticity (MOE) and outerwood density) and traits measured on logs or short clear specimens was determined using data collected from radiata pine (Pinus radiata D. Don) trees growing in 22 unthinned and 16 thinned plots of harvest age trees in New South Wales, Australia. Stiffness showed a linear decrease along the stem. Trees growing on thinned sites were, on average, 3% lower in stiffness at each height in the stem. MOE measured on short clear specimens was moderately related to standing tree MOE (R2 = 0.62) and outerwood density (R2 = 0.56) but less well related to MOE of the adjacent log (R2 = 0.30). Standing tree MOE was a better predictor of whole stem MOE for the thinned sites (R2 = 0.60) than for the unthinned sites (R2 = 0.31). Stiffness and density appear to follow different patterns of variation and results for density may not be extrapolated to stiffness. Outerwood density was a very poor predictor of mean whole stem stiffness (R2 = 0.14). Overall, the acoustic tool, TreeTap, was a better predictor of whole stem stiffness than outerwood density, particularly for the thinned sites.