DNA Banks and their role in facilitating the application of genomics to plant germplasm
Rice, NF, Cordeiro, GM, Shepherd, M, Bundock, PC, Bradbury, LMT, Watson, L, Crawford, AC, Pacey-Miller, T, Furtado, A & Henry, RJ 2006, 'DNA Banks and their role in facilitating the application of genomics to plant germplasm', Plant Genetic Resources, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 64-70.
Advances in genomics have provided technologies for high throughput analysis of plant genomes with potential for use in gene discovery in germplasm collections. The establishment of DNA banks facilitates this screening by making DNA from large numbers of plant accessions widely available. DNA banks require the development of appropriate policies for access and benefit sharing. Tools for automating sample and data handling are essential. Standard molecular methods for fingerprinting DNA accessions for international comparisons need to be determined. New screening technologies are required to take advantage of the emerging availability of large DNA collections. The Australian Plant DNA Bank aims to collect DNA from all Australian plant species and to sample the diversity within each species. DNA from all individuals of the species is being stored for rare species. Domesticated or economically important species from all countries are also being collected and stored. International networking of DNA banks will be a key step in linking genomics tools to global plant diversity