Impacts of climate change on the establishment, distribution, growth and mortality of Swiss stone pine (Pinus cembra L.)
Boden, S, Pyttel, P & Eastaugh, CS 2010, 'Impacts of climate change on the establishment, distribution, growth and mortality of Swiss stone pine (Pinus cembra L.)', IForest, vol. 3, pp. 82-85.
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Anticipated future climate changes are expected to significantly influence forest ecosystems, particularly in treeline ecotones. Climate change will have both direct and indirect effects on the future distribution of alpine tree species, some of which will be positive and others negative. Although increased temperatures are on the whole likely to have a positive impact on growth and distribution of Swiss stone pine (Pinus cembra L.), indirect effects that influence seed dispersal may threaten the population viability of species. The complexity of the interrelations between climatic and non-climatic factors demands further research, which should include long-term monitoring.