Title

Prediction of bulk modulus and volumetric expansion coefficient of water for leak tightness test of pipelines

Document Type

Article

Publication details

Bahadori, A & Vuthaluru, HB 2009, 'Prediction of bulk modulus and volumetric expansion coefficient of water for leak tightness test of pipelines', International Journal Of Pressure Vessels And Piping, vol. 86, no. 8, pp. 550-554.

Published version available from:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpvp.2009.01.007

Peer Reviewed

Peer-Reviewed

Abstract

To determine whether any pressure variation in pipeline hydrostatic test is a result of temperature changes or the presence of leaks, the calculation of pressure/temperature changes is required for test sections. In these calculations, bulk modulus and volumetric expansion coefficient of fresh or sea water must be taken into account. In this study, a simple-to-use correlation is developed to predict the bulk modulus and volumetric expansion coefficient of both fresh and sea water as a function of temperature and pressure. The proposed correlation helps to cover the bulk modulus and volumetric expansion coefficient of both fresh and sea water for temperatures less than 50 °C (40 °C for sea water) as well as pressures up to 55,000 kPa (550 bar). The results can be used in follow-up calculations to determine whether any pressure variation in pipeline hydrostatic test is a result of temperature changes or the presence of leaks. The proposed correlation showed promising results with average absolute deviations for volumetric expansion coefficient and bulk modulus of water being around 0.58% and 0.08% respectively. The novel correlation is easy to use and will prove to be of immense value for project engineers to test the critical limits accurately.