Mangrove outwelling is a significant source of oceanic exchangeable organic carbon
Sippo, JZ, Maher, DT, Tait, DR, Ruiz-Halpern, S, Sanders, CJ & Santos, IR 2017, 'Mangrove outwelling is a significant source of oceanic exchangeable organic carbon', Limnology and Oceanography Letters, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1-8.
Exchangeable dissolved organic carbon (EDOC) makes up a significant proportion of the oceanic dissolved organic carbon (DOC) pool, yet EDOC sources to the coastal ocean are poorly constrained. We measured the exchange of EDOC and concentrations of EDOC and DOC in mangrove waters over a 268 latitudinal gradient. A clear latitudinal trend was observed, with the highest EDOC concentrations in the tropics. EDOC exports to the coastal ocean were 4.7 6 1.9 mmol m22 d21 , equivalent to 11% of DOC exports (42.1 6 6.7 mmol m22 d21 ). Pore-water and groundwater exchange were minor sources of EDOC. EDOC concentrations were equal to 13% 6 4% of DOC concentrations. Based on previous global DOC export estimates, and our EDOC : DOC ratios, mangroves outwell 3.1 Tg C yr21 as EDOC, equivalent to 60% of the global EDOC flux from the ocean to the atmosphere. However, seasonality of mangrove EDOC cycling requires further research.