Pore water sampling in acid sulfate soils: a new peeper method
Johnston, SG, Burton, ED, Keene, AF, Bush, RT, Sullivan, LA & Isaacson, LS 2009, 'Pore water sampling in acid sulfate soils: a new peeper method', <em>Journal of Environmental Quality</em>, vol. 38, pp. 2474-2477. <p>The publisher's version of this article is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/jeq2009.0135</p>
Received for publication April 9, 2009. This study describes the design, deployment, and application of a modified equilibration dialysis device (peeper) optimized for sampling pore waters in acid sulfate soils (ASS). The modified design overcomes the limitations of traditional-style peepers, when sampling firm ASS materials over relatively large depth intervals. The new peeper device uses removable, individual cells of 25 mL volume housed in a 1.5 m long rigid, high-density polyethylene rod. The rigid housing structure allows the device to be inserted directly into relatively firm soils without requiring a supporting frame. The use of removable cells eliminates the need for a large glove-box after peeper retrieval, thus simplifying physical handling. Removable cells are easily maintained in an inert atmosphere during sample processing and the 25-mL sample volume is sufficient for undertaking multiple analyses. A field evaluation of equilibration times indicates that 32 to 38 d of deployment was necessary. Overall, the modified method is simple and effective and well suited to acquisition and processing of redox-sensitive pore water profiles > 1 m deep in acid sulfate soil or any other firm wetland soils.