Sequential reduction–oxidation for photocatalytic degradation of tetrabromobisphenol A: kinetics and intermediates

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Guo, Y, Lou, X, Xiao, D, Xu, L, Wang, Z & Liu, J 2012, 'Sequential reduction–oxidation for photocatalytic degradation of tetrabromobisphenol A: kinetics and intermediates', Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 241-242, pp. 301-306.

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C Br bond cleavage is considered as a key step to reduce their toxicities and increase degradation rates for most brominated organic pollutants. Here a sequential reduction/oxidation strategy (i.e. debromination followed by photocatalytic oxidation) for photocatalytic degradation of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), one of the most frequently used brominated flame retardants, was proposed on the basis of kinetic analysis and intermediates identification. The results demonstrated that the rates of debromination and even photodegradation of TBBPA strongly depended on the atmospheres, initial TBBPA concentrations, pH of the reaction solution, hydrogen donors, and electron acceptors. These kinetic data and byproducts identification obtained by GC–MS measurement indicated that reductive debromination reaction by photo-induced electrons dominated under N2-saturated condition, while oxidation reaction by photoexcited holes or hydroxyl radicals played a leading role when air was saturated. It also suggested that the reaction might be further optimized for pretreatment of TBBPA-contaminated wastewater by a twostage reductive debromination/subsequent oxidative decomposition process in the UV-TiO2 system by changing the reaction atmospheres.