Title

Sulfate radical-induced degradation of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol: a de novo formation of chlorinated compounds

Document Type

Article

Publication details

Xu, L, Yuan, R, Guo, Y, Xiao, D, Cao, Y, Wang, Z & Liu, J 2013, 'Sulfate radical-induced degradation of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol: a de novo formation of chlorinated compounds', Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 217, pp. 169-173.

Published version available from:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.11.112

Peer Reviewed

Peer-Reviewed

Abstract

The degradation of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (TCP) by sulfate radical generated via Co(II)-mediated activation of peroxymonosulfate (PMS) was examined. The influencing factors, such as substrate concentration and pH were investigated. The initial pH and its adjustment orders significantly affected the TCP degradation and mineralization. Several chlorinated products were detected, as well as some carboxylic acids, such as glycolic acid and oxalic acid. Many polychlorinated (chlorine atom number ⩾3) aromatics (e.g. 2,4,5-trichlorophenol, 2,3,4,6-tetrachlorophenol, 2,3,5,6-tetrachloro-1,4-benzenediol) and even their ring-opening products (e.g. 2,4-dichloro-5-oxo-2-hexenedioic acid, 1,1,3,3-tetrachloro-2-propanone) were identified, indicating a de novo formation mechanism of organohalogens may be involved in TCP degradation. The released chlorine atoms from TCP and/or dichloride radicals activated by sulfate radicals played an important role. This finding may have significant scientific and technical implications for utilizing Co/PMS reagent to detoxify chlorinated pollutants.