Intellectual disability in the New South Wales inmate population
Cashin, AJ, Butler, TG, Levy, M & Potter, E 2006, 'Intellectual disability in the New South Wales inmate population', International Journal of Prisoner Health, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 115-120.
The publisher's version of this article is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17449200600935752
Between July and November 2001, a health survey of New South Wales (NSW) inmates was conducted by NSW Justice Health. A cross-sectional random sample of inmates stratified by age, gender and Aboriginality (Aboriginal people are over-represented in the NSW inmate population) that included approximately 10% of the male and 34% of the female inmate population participated in the study (n =914). Of those invited to participate, 83% of males and 84% of females consented. One element of the study was the use of the Hayes Ability Screening Index. Inmates identified to be at risk for intellectual disability on the screening tool were referred to a psychologist who administered the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale Revised (n = 167). This paper discusses the implications of the results in terms of full scale IQ, in which 3% of men and 12.5% of women of those identified as being at risk on the screening index were identified as having an intellectual disability, and the overall cognitive profile of those tested. The implications for health education and therapy in prisons are considered