Understanding service context: development of a service pro forma to describe and measure elderly peoples' community and intermediate care services
Nancarrow, S, Moran, A, Parker, S 2009, 'Understanding service context: development of a service pro forma to describe and measure elderly peoples' community and intermediate care services', Health and Social Care in the Community, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 434-446.
The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2524.2009.00846.x
The purpose of this paper was to develop a pro forma which classifies the components of service delivery and organization which may impact on the outcomes of elderly peoples’ community and intermediate care services. The resulting analytic template provides a basis for comparison between services and may help guide service commissioning and development. A qualitative approach was used in which key evaluations and reports were selected on the basis that they described elderly peoples’ community and intermediate care services. These were analysed systematically using a qualitative (template) approach to draw out the key themes used to describe services. Themes were then structured hierarchically into an analytic template. Seventeen key documents were analysed. The initial coding framework classified 334 themes describing intermediate care services. These items were then clustered into 78 categories, which were reduced to 17 subcategories, then six overall groupings to describe the services, namely; (1) context; (2) reason for the service; (3) service-users; (4) access to the service; (5) service structure; and (6) the organization of care. The resulting analytic template has been developed into a ‘service pro forma’ which can be used as a basis to describe and compare a range of services. We propose that all service evaluations should describe, in detail, their context in a comparable way, so that other services can learn from and/or apply the findings from these studies.