Title

Fitness of hybrids between rapeseed (Brassica napus) and wild Brassica rapa in natural habitats

Document Type

Article

Publication details

Allainguillaume, J, Alexander, M, Bullock, J, Saunders, M, Allender, C, King, G, Ford, CS & Wilkinson, MJ 2006, 'Fitness of hybrids between rapeseed (Brassica napus) and wild Brassica rapa in natural habitats', Molecular Ecology, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 1175-1184.

The publisher's version of this article is available at

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2006.02856.x

Peer Reviewed

Peer-Reviewed

Abstract

Fitness of hybrids between genetically modified (GM) crops and wild relatives influences the likelihood of ecological harm. We measured fitness components in spontaneous (non-GM) rapeseed × Brassica rapa hybrids in natural populations. The F1 hybrids yielded 46.9% seed output of B. rapa, were 16.9% as effective as males on B. rapa and exhibited increased self-pollination. Assuming 100% GM rapeseed cultivation, we conservatively predict < 7000 second-generation transgenic hybrids annually in the United Kingdom (i.e. ∼20% of F1 hybrids). Conversely, whilst reduced hybrid fitness improves feasibility of bio-containment, stage projection matrices suggests broad scope for some transgenes to offset this effect by enhancing fitness.