In vitro antioxidant activity of non-cultivated vegetables of ethnic Albanians in southern Italy
Pieroni, A, Janiak, V, Dürr, CM, Lüdeke, S, Trachsel, E & Heinrich, M 2002, 'In vitro antioxidant activity of non-cultivated vegetables of ethnic Albanians in southern Italy', Phytotherapy Research, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 467-473.
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A total of 27 extracts from non-cultivated and weedy vegetables traditionally consumed by ethnic Albanians (Arbï¿½reshï¿½) in the Vulture area (southern Italy) were tested for their free radical scavenging activity (FRSA) in the DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazil radical) screening assay, for their in vitro non-enzymatic inhibition of bovine brain lipid peroxidation and for their inhibition of xanthine oxidase (XO). In both antioxidant assays strong activity was shown for Leopoldia comosa (bulbs, syn.: Muscari comosum) and Centaurea calcitrapa (young whorls). In the lipid peroxidation assay, extracts from leaves of Origanum heracleoticum, Urtica dioica and Tordylium apulum showed a remarkable inhibitory activity (>50%), too. In the case of Leopoldia comosa and Origanum heracleoticum this activity was comparable to quercetin (at a concentration of 50 μM) and Rhodiola rosea extract. Extracts from non-cultivated Cichorium intybus, Chondrilla juncea and Stellaria media showed strong in vitro inhibition of xanthine oxidase, with an activity higher than that of a reference extract from Ledum groenlandicum. These findings suggest that weedy vegetables may be useful antioxidants of interest in the prevention of ageing related diseases, CNS disorders and as potential sources of phytomedicines against hyperuricaemia and gout.