Title

Health risks associated with exposure to filamentous fungi

Document Type

Article

Publication details

Egbuta, MA, Mwanza, M & Babalola, OO 2017, 'Health risks associated with exposure to filamentous fungi', International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 719-736.

Article available on Open Access

Peer Reviewed

Peer-Reviewed

Abstract

Filamentous fungi occur widely in the environment, contaminating soil, air, food and other substrates. Due to their wide distribution, they have medical and economic implications. Regardless of their use as a source of antibiotics, vitamins and raw materials for various industrially important chemicals, most fungi and filamentous fungi produce metabolites associated with a range of health risks, both in humans and in animals. The association of filamentous fungi and their metabolites to different negative health conditions in humans and animals, has contributed to the importance of investigating different health risks induced by this family of heterotrophs. This review aims to discuss health risks associated with commonly occurring filamentous fungal species which belong to genera Aspergillus, Penicillium and Fusarium, as well as evaluating their pathogenicity and mycotoxic properties.