Zhang, Y 2010, 'An investigation on the anthropometry profile and its relationship with physical performance of elite Chinese women volleyball players', MSc thesis, Southern Cross University, Lismore, NSW.
Copyright Y Zhang 2010
The purposes of this study were to determine the anthropometric characteristics of elite Chinese women volleyball players, identify the differences in the anthropometric profile and physical performance between the players at different volleyball positions, and examine the correlations between the anthropometric profile and the physical performance of the players. Thirty-one anthropometric indices and four physical performance (medicine ball throwing, running vertical jump, T shuttle run agility test and timed 20 sit ups) were measured for 100 volleyball players recruited from the top eight teams of 2007-2008 national championship. The average age of the players was 22.3±3.6 (SD) years and the average training age was 9.7±4.0 years. For the elite Chinese women volleyball players, the average values of stature, body mass, sitting height, standing reach height, and BMI were respectively 183.6±5.8 cm, 70.5±7.6 kg, 95.7±3.5 cm, 236.7±7.8 cm, and 20.9±2.0. The overall anthropometric characteristics of these volleyball players can be described as high stature; relatively longer forearm, palm, calf and Achilles’ tendon lengths but a shorter sitting height; wider femur, biiliocristal and biacromial breadths; larger difference between relaxed and tensed arm girth, smaller wrist and ankle girths, smaller ankle girth / Achilles’ tendon length index; and smaller skinfolds. The results also revealed that most of the anthropometric variables were poorly correlated with the selected physical performance measurements, except that the biepicondylar femur breadth, calf girth and calf length indices were significantly correlated with the running jump height. There were significant differences among the anthropometric profiles of the players at different volleyball positions, especially in the indices of body mass, stature, standing reach height, radiale-stylion length, acromiale-dactylion length, midstylion-dactylion length, iliospinale height, tibiale-laterale height length, biacromial breadth, biiliocristal breadth, transverse chest breadth and gluteal girth (all P<0.001). However, the physical performance of the players at different positions showed no significant between-position difference except the running jump height. The average somatoype values of elite Chinese women volleyball players were “3.7-2.9-4.0”, belonging to endomorph-ectomorph. Their somatoypes were found mainly in four of the 13 categories, with 29% in endomorphic ectomorph, 14% in balanced ectomorph, 11% in balanced endomorph and 9% in ectomorph-endomorph. The somatotype of the spikers and liberos was of the central type, that of the second spikers and second setters was endomorphic ectomorph, and that of the setters was endomorph-ectomorph. Based on the findings of this study, it is recommended that the following anthropometric indices be considered in recruitment for women volleyball players: body mass, stature, sitting height, biacromial breadth, subscapular skinfold, ankle girth, forearm girth and Achilles’ tendon length.