Academic agency and leadership in tourism higher education
Dredge, D & Schott, C 2013, 'Academic agency and leadership in tourism higher education', Journal of Teaching in Travel & Tourism, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 105-129.
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This article explores the leadership agency of tourism faculty in higher education and recommends actions to enhance leadership for social change. Based on a review of literature grounded within an agency perspective, a conceptual framework is presented that identifies systemic and individual influences on leadership. Three types of freedom for faculty to engage in leadership behaviors arise: (1) the capacity of the individual to lead; (2) the freedom afforded by the organizational context to lead in accordance with one's capacity to lead; and (3) the social freedom to lead derived from each faculty member's disciplinary and departmental norms and structures.