Document Type

Biomechanics and bioengineering paper

Publication details

Flores-Johnson, EA, Carrillo, JG, Gamboa, RA, Shen, L 2014, 'Experimental characterisation of the mechanical properties and microstructure of Acrocomia Mexicana fruit from the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico', in ST Smith (ed.), 23rd Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials (ACMSM23), vol. II, Byron Bay, NSW, 9-12 December, Southern Cross University, Lismore, NSW, pp. 887-892. ISBN: 9780994152008.

Peer Reviewed



A study of the mechanical properties and microstructure at different drying conditions of the Cocoyol fruit endocarp of Acrocomia Mexicana palm found in the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico was performed. Quasi-static uniaxial compression was carried out on endocarp samples. The experimental results showed that the fruit exhibited an average peak force and displacement at failure of 4.23 kN and 2.43 mm, respectively. The average energy absorbed by the fruits before failure was 6.06 J. Optical and scanning electron microscopy of cross-sections of the equatorial region revealed that the endocarp has complex hierarchical structure. The micrographs showed that the structure is made of bundles of randomly oriented tubes and bubble-like cells, showing entangled network of hollow micro channels, which are in the order of tens of microns. The results and the microstructure presented herein encourage further research for bioinspired man-made materials.