Fine classification of unconstrained handwritten Persian/Arabic numerals by removing confusion amongst similar classes
Alaei, A, Nagabhushan, P & Pal, U 2009, 'Fine classification of unconstrained handwritten Persian/Arabic numerals by removing confusion amongst similar classes', in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Barcelona, Spain, 26-29 July, IEEE, USA, pp. 602-606. ISBN: 9781424445004
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In this paper, we propose two types of feature sets based on modified chain-code direction frequencies in the contour pixels of input image and modified transition features (horizontally and vertically). A multi-level support vector machine (SVM) is proposed as classifier to recognize Persian isolated digits. In first level, we combine similar shaped numerals into a single group and as result; we obtain 7 classes instead of 10 classes. We compute 196-dimension chain-code direction frequencies as features to discriminate 7 classes. In the second level, classes containing more than one numeral because of high resemblance in their shapes are considered. We use modified transition features (horizontally and vertically) for discriminating between two overlapping classes (0 and 1). To separate another overlapping group containing three numerals 2, 3 and 4 we first eliminate common parts of these digits (tail) and then compute chain code features. We employ SVM classifier for the classification and evaluate our scheme on 80,000 handwritten samples of Persian numerals . Using 60,000 samples for training, we tested our scheme on other 20,000 samples and obtained 99.02% accuracy.