Post-conflict tourism development in Sri Lanka: implications for building resilience
Buultjens, JW, Ratnayake, I & Athula Chammika, WK 2016, 'Post-conflict tourism development in Sri Lanka: implications for building resilience', Current Issues in Tourism, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 355-372.
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The 30 year war between the Sri Lankan government and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) had a considerable impact on the country's tourism industry. Yet, despite the war, the industry continued to exhibit a high level of resilience and since the end of the war international visitation has increased rapidly. This study, using a comprehensive review of literature and a series of interviews, examines the impact of the war on the industry as well as the government's post-conflict responses. Despite the rapid increase in international tourism numbers various concerns have been raised that government policies are likely to advantage large tourism operators and developers at the expense of small businesses in the informal sector. The development of the industry may also be at the expense of livelihoods of poorer members of society in other industries. A concentration on large-scale developments may reduce the resilience and therefore sustainability of the industry.