Health and well being of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people aged 50 years and over
Hughes, M 2018, 'Health and well being of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people aged 50 years and over', Australian Health Review, vol. 42, pp. 146-151.
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Objectives: The aim of the present study was to examine the health and well being of older lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people, the health issues that concern them, the services they use and challenges accessing services. Methods. This study comprised a survey of the health and well being of 312 LGBTI people aged 50 years and over in New South Wales. The survey included the Short-Form 12 (SF-12) measure of health-related quality of life, the Kessler 10 (K10) measure of psychological distress, and the three-item Loneliness Scale. Results: Higher levels of psychological distress, lower mental health and greater loneliness were found among this sample than is typically found in the general population. Mental health was lower among carers and those not in a relationship, while psychological distress was greater among those living alone and those experiencing higher rates of loneliness. The most commonly accessed health service was a general practitioner (GP), with most respondents reporting that they were open about their sexuality to their GP and that they had a regular GP. Some reported difficulties accessing health services because of their gender or sexual diversity. Conclusions: Although many older LGBTI people are well, both physically and mentally, they do appear to face increased risk of certain health issues compared with the general population.