Whole grain morphology of Australian rice species

Document Type


Publication details

Kasem, S, Waters, DLE, Rice, NF, Shapter, FM & Henry, RJ in press, 'Whole grain morphology of Australian rice species', Plant Genetic Resources, vol. 8, no. 01, pp. 74-81.

The definitive publisher-authenticated version is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1017/S1479262109990189

Peer Reviewed



The grain morphology of 17 wild rice relatives were studied by light and scanning electron microscopy and compared to two cultivated rice varieties (Oryza sativa cv. Nipponbare and O. sativa cv. Teqing). Observations were made of the grain colour, size and shape. Grains from wild rice species exhibited a variety of colours that have potential aesthetic and nutritional value. The grains of these species exhibited a wide array of sizes and shapes, but still fell within the standard classification scale that rice breeders use for routine breeding evaluation. These results highlight the potential of these species as whole grain foods or as sources of novel alleles in conventional rice breeding programmes.

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