Influence of FRP anchor fan configuration and dowel angle on anchoring FRP plates
Zhang, HW & Smith, ST 2012, 'Influence of FRP anchor fan configuration and dowel angle on anchoring FRP plates', Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 43, no.8, pp. 3516-3527.
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To enhance the strain capacity of fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) plates which have been bonded onto reinforced concrete (RC) members for strengthening purposes, FRP anchors can be utilised. Research on the characterisation of FRP anchors is still quite limited though despite the increasing use of FRP anchors in practice. In order to reduce such a knowledge gap, this paper reports the results of 30 single-shear FRP-to-concrete joint tests of which 26 joints were anchored with FRP anchors of differing geometric configurations and four joints were unanchored controls. More specifically for the anchored joints, the connection of the FRP anchor to the FRP plate via so called fan fibres was varied in addition to the angle of anchor insertion and these test parameters represent fundamentally important anchor components which have not been researched to date. Failure modes, joint strengths, load–slip responses as well as FRP plate strain distributions are reported and a relationship relating the influence of anchor insertion angle to joint strength is provided. A maximum increase in joint strength of 160% on average above the unanchored control joints was achieved. In addition, the maximum strain resisted by the FRP plate, relative to its elongation capacity, was increased on average from 25% for unanchored control joints to 67% for some anchored joints.