Hepatic coenzyme Q redox balance of fish as a potential bioindicator of environmental contamination by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Hasbi, G, de Nys, R, Burns, K, Whalan, SW & Dunlap, WC 2011, 'Hepatic coenzyme Q redox balance of fish as a potential bioindicator of environmental contamination by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons', Biology Letters, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 123-126.
In this communication, we introduce a novel biomarker of aquatic contamination based on the xenobiotic-induced response of the hepatic coenzyme Q (CoQ) redox balance of fishes to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The method is demonstrated by comparing changes in the liver CoQ redox balance with that measured using the CYP1A-based, 7-ethoxyresofurin-O-deethylase activity assay, on administration of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) and β-naphthoflavone (BNF) to Barramundi (Lates calcarifer). Both assays showed comparable dose-dependent effects in fish treated with BaP or BNF. Perturbation in the constitutive hepatic CoQ redox balance of fishes may thus provide a simple biomarker of aquatic PAH contamination.