Novel correlations for determining appropriate mono-ethylene glycol injection rate to avoid gas hydrate formation
Bahadori, A, Vuthaluru, HB, Tade, MO & Mokhatab, S 2009, 'Novel correlations for determining appropriate mono-ethylene glycol injection rate to avoid gas hydrate formation', Canadian International Petroleum Conference, Calgary, Alberta, 16-18 June. ISBN 9781613991169
Published version available from:
An inherent problem with natural gas production or transmission is the formation of gas hydrates, which can lead to safety hazards to production and transportation systems and to substantial economic risks. Therefore, an understanding of the inception of hydrate formation is necessary to overcoming hydrate problems. The aim of the first step of this study is to develop a simple-to-use correlation for predicting hydrate-forming conditions of sweet natural gases. This simple correlation estimates hydrate formation pressure of sweet natural gases for pressures up to 40,000 kPa and temperatures between 260 K and 298 K as well as molecular weights in the range of 16 to 29. In the next step, novel empirical correlations are developed to predict the required MEG weight percent in the rich solution and the flow-rate for desired depression of the gas hydrate formation temperature. These correlations are generated for a natural gas with relative density of 0.6 at pressures of 3, 5, 7, and 9 MPa, which are applicable to wet gas temperatures of 20, 30, 40, and 50 °C. In order to extend the application of these correlations to wide ranges of natural gas mixtures with specific gravities of up to 0.8, two generalized correction factors are also provided. The accuracy of this simple method is compared with the simulation results obtained by commercial software which showed excellent agreement. In all cases the error percent was approximately 2% and 5% for predicting hydrate formation temperature depression and MEG injection rate, respectively.