Heat flux distribution over a solar central receiver using an aiming strategy based on a conventional closed control loop
Garcia, J, Too, YCS, Vasquez Padilla, R, Vicencio, RB, Beath, A & Sanjuan, M 2017, 'Heat flux distribution over a solar central receiver using an aiming strategy based on a conventional closed control loop', in ASME 2017 11th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, The American Society of Mechanical Engineers: Digital Collection, New York, United States, pp. V001T05A011. ISBN: 9780791857595
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Solar thermal towers are a maturing technology that have the potential to supply a significant part of energy requirements of the future. One of the issues that needs careful attention is the heat flux distribution over the central receiver’s surface. It is imperative to maintain receiver’s thermal stresses below the material limits. Therefore, an adequate aiming strategy for each mirror is crucial. Due to the large number of mirrors present in a solar field, most aiming strategies work using a data base that establishes an aiming point for each mirror depending on the relative position of the sun and heat flux models. This paper proposes a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) closed control loop based on a methodology that allows using conventional control strategies such as those based on Proportional Integral Derivative (PID) controllers. Results indicate that even this basic control loop can successfully distribute heat flux on the solar receiver.