In vitro cytotoxicity evaluation of some substituted isatin derivatives

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Vine, KL, Locke, JM, Ranson, M, Benkendorff, K, Pyne, SG & Bremner, JB 2007, 'In vitro cytotoxicity evaluation of some substituted isatin derivatives', Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 15, no. 11, pp.931-938.

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A range of substituted 1H-indole-2,3-diones (isatins) were synthesized using standard procedures and their cytotoxicity evaluated against the human monocyte-like histiocytic lymphoma (U937) cell line in vitro. SAR studies identified C5, C6, and C7 substitution greatly enhanced activity with some di- and tri-halogenated isatins giving IC50 valuestested, four were selected for further screening against a panel of five human cancer cell lines. These compounds, in general, showed greater selectivity toward leukemia and lymphoma cells over breast, prostate, and colorectal carcinoma cell lines. The most active compound, 5,6,7-tribromoisatin (2p), was found to be antiproliferative at low micromolar concentrations and also activated the effector caspases 3 and 7 in a dose-dependent manner. These results indicate that di- and tri-substituted isatins may be useful leads for anticancer drug development in the future.

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