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Post-print of: Vanclay, JK 2007, 'How to foster good husbandry of private native forests', Small-Scale Forestry, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 205-218.

The original publication is available at at


It is generally agreed that effective conservation requires the cooperation of private landholders to complement reserve-based efforts, but there is little agreement about how this can best be achieved. Various stakeholders lobby for tough regulations, for greater landholder freedom, and for incentives for activities or outcomes. A review of these alternatives suggests an emerging consensus that incentives are the most effective approach. Policy-makers should consider incentive-based approaches such as stewardship support to foster conservation outcomes on private lands.

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