Arsenic tolerance and phytoremediation potential of Conocarpus erectus L. and Populus deltoides L
Hussain, S, Akram, M, Abbas, G, Murtaza, B, Shahid, M, Shah, NS, Bibi, I & Niazi, NK 2017 in press, 'Arsenic tolerance and phytoremediation potential of Conocarpus erectus L. and Populus deltoides L', International Journal of Phytoremediation.
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The present study was conducted to explore arsenic (As) tolerance and phytostabilization potential of the two tree species, Buttonwood (Conocarpus erectus) and Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides). Both plant species were exposed to various soil As levels (control, 5, 10, 15 and 20 mg kg(-1)) in pots. The plants were harvested after nine months for evaluation of growth parameters as well as root and shoot As concentrations. With increasing soil As levels, plant height stress tolerance index (PHSTI) was significantly decreased in both tree species, whereas root length stress tolerance index (RLSTI) and dry matter stress tolerance index (DMSTI) were not affected. Root and shoot As concentrations significantly increased in both tree species with increasing soil As levels. Translocation factor and bioconcentration factor were less than 1.0 for both plant species. This study revealed that both tree species are non-hyperaccumulators of As, but could be used for phytostabilization of As-contaminated soils.