Binocular rivalry with isoluminant stimuli visible only via short-wavelength-sensitive cones
O'Shea, RP & Williams, DR 1996, 'Binocular rivalry with isoluminant stimuli visible only via short-wavelength-sensitive cones', Vision Research, vol. 36, no. 11, pp. 1561-1571.
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To test whether the binocular contour rivalry mechanism is tritanopic, we presented isoluminant, rival stimuli visible only via the short-wavelength-sensitive (S) cones, We stimulated only the S cones with violet gratings superimposed on a bright yellow field that adapted the responses of the middle- and long-wavelength-sensitive (M and L) cones, We found that an S-cone grating presented to one eye rivalled with an orthogonal grating presented to the other, Rivalry persisted over a range of luminances and contrasts of the S-cone stimuli, and was greater than could be accounted for by nonrival fading, The spatial spread of rivalry from S-cone stimuli is similar to that for the same stimuli when visible also to the M and L cones (luminance stimuli). We found that an S-cone stimulus would rival with a luminance stimulus, and exploited this to determine the equivalent luminance contrast of S-cone stimuli by putting them in a rivalry competition with luminance stimuli, For rivalry, the equivalent luminance contrast of isoluminant, S-cone stimuli is much less than their S-cone contrast. The existence of rivalry with isoluminant stimuli, along with earlier evidence that such stimuli can support stereopsis, challenges the view that an achromatic channel alone drives certain higher level functions such as depth perception.