Title

The basketball-20: development of a basketball-specific field-based work protocol

Document Type

Article

Publication details

Nigg, SR, Whitting, JW, Tomaras, E, Davis, E & Nigg, BM 2015, 'The basketball-20: development of a basketball-specific field-based work protocol', Journal of Fitness Research, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 26-35.

Peer Reviewed

Peer-Reviewed

Abstract

Introduction:

Basketball is a popular sport that has been studied extensively to determine player position and game profiles and factors related to injury risk and performance. However, no research has developed or used a comprehensive field-based protocol, designed to simulate game-like effort using basketballspecific drills, for the assessment of relevant physiological outputs. The objective of this project, therefore, was to develop a repeatable basketball-specific field-based work protocol (Basketball-20) designed to simulate game-like effort and conditions for the assessment of physiological outputs in basketball athletes.

Methods:

Heart rate (HR), oxygen consumption (VO2 ), and respiratory exchange ratio (RER) were determined while 10 male participants performed steady state running and basketball specific drills during the Basketball-20 on 3 separate days.

Results:

Overall, the cohort performed the Basketball-20 at an average HR of 85% and average VO2 of 77% of maximum. There were no significant between-day differences in any physiological variables. Measurements for consistency (ICC R-values) and the Technical Error of Measurement (TEM) for physiological variables ranged from 0.66 to 0.98 and 1.4% to 3.6%, respectively.

Conclusions:

It can be concluded that the Basketball-20 is: (1) physiologically relevant to the game of basketball; (2) reliable and accurate for repeated between-day measures and; (3) appropriate for testing the effects of an intervention on basketball performance across different days. A larger implication is that, because this study has established that it is possible to create a game-like, relevant and reliable protocol for testing athlete performance in a complex team sport, it is reasonable to postulate that similar protocols could be developed in a range of sports.