Emergency department assessment of mild traumatic brain injury and prediction of post-concussion symptoms at one month post injury
Sheedy, J, Geffen, G, Donnelly, J & Faux, S 2006, 'Emergency department assessment of mild traumatic brain injury and prediction of post-concussion symptoms at one month post injury', Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 775-772.
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Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a common injury and a significant proportion of those affected report chronic symptoms. This study investigated prediction of postconcussion symptoms using an Emergency Department (ED) assessment that examined neuropsychological and balance deficits and pain severity of 29 concussed individuals. Thirty participants with minor orthopedic injuries and 30 ED visitors were recruited as control subjects. Concussed and orthopedically injured participants were followed up by telephone at one month to assess symptom severity. In the ED, concussed subjects performed worse on some neuropsychological tests and had impaired balance compared to controls. They also reported significantly more post-concussive symptoms at follow-up. Neurocognitive impairment, pain and balance deficits were all significantly correlated with severity of post-concussion symptoms. The findings suggest that a combination of variables assessable in the ED may be useful in predicting which individuals will suffer persistent post-concussion problems.