Effects of fatigue and sprint training on electromechanical delay of knee extensor muscles
Zhou, S, McKenna, MJ, Lawson, DL, Morrision, WE & Fairweather, I 1996, 'Effects of fatigue and sprint training on electromechanical delay of knee extensor muscles', European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol 72, no. 5-6, pp. 410-416.
The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00242269
Electromechanical delay (EMD) of knee extensors in isometric contraction was investigated in six healthy men before and after four periods of 30-s allout sprint cycling exercise, conducted pre and post a 7-week sprint cycling training programme. The EMD was lengthened from 40.4 (SEM 3.46) ms at rest to 63.4 (SEM 7.80) ms after the fatiguing exercise (P < or = 0.05) in the pre-training test. During maximal voluntary contractions (MVC) conducted after the fatiguing exercise, the peak contraction force (Fpeak) and peak rate of force development (RFDpeak) were reduced by 51%-56% and 38%-50%, respectively (both P < or = 0.05). The mechanisms of EMD lengthening during fatigue could have been due to the deterioration in muscle conductive, contractile or elastic properties and require further study. The training programme increased the total work performed during the four periods of sprint exercise (P < or = 0.05). However, no significant training effects were found in the resting or postexercise EMD, Fpeak and RFDpeak during isometric MVC. These unchanged isometric contraction variables but enhanced dynamic performance suggest that isometric tests of muscle are insensitive to the neuromuscular adaptations to sprint training.