Implementation of the MARPOL convention in developing countries

Document Type


Publication details

Karim, S 2010, 'Implementation of the MARPOL convention in developing countries', Nordic Journal of International Law, vol. 79, no. 2, pp. 303-337.

ISSN: 1571-8107

Peer Reviewed



Over the years a large set of international conventions have been adopted under the auspices of the International Maritime Organization for prevention of vessel-source marine pollution. However, most of developing countries failed to effectively implement these conventions. Against this backdrop, this article aims to assess the inherent suitability of the MARPOL Convention for implementation in developing countries. It also examines the role of global community for effective implementation of the MARPOL Convention and identifies the legal and institutional bottlenecks in the current implementation regime.

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