Photolabeling of tonoplast from sugar beet cell suspensions by [3H]5-(N-Methyl-N-Isobutyl)-amiloride, an inhibitor of the vacuolar Na+/H+ antiport
Barkla, BJ, Charuk, JHM, Cragoe, EJ & Blumwald, E 1990, 'Photolabeling of tonoplast from sugar beet cell suspensions by [3H]5-(N-Methyl-N-Isobutyl)-amiloride, an inhibitor of the vacuolar Na+/H+ antiport', Plant Physiology, vol. 93, no. 3, pp. 924-930.
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The effects of 5-(N-methyl-N-isobutyl)-amiloride (MIA), an amiloride analog, was tested on the Na+/H+ antiport activity of intact vacuoles and tonoplast vesicles isolated from sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) cell suspension cultures. MIA inhibited Na+/H+ exchange in a competitive manner with a Ki of 2.5 and 5.9 micromolar for ΔpH-dependent 22Na+ influx in tonoplast vesicles and Na+-dependent H+ efflux in intact vacuoles, respectively. Scatchard analysis of the binding of [3H]MIA to tonoplast membranes revealed a high affinity binding component with a Kd of 1.3 micromolar. The close relationship between the dissociation constant value obtained and the constants of inhibition for MIA obtained by fluorescence quenching and isotope exchange suggests that the high affinity component represents a class of sites associated with the tonoplast Na+/H+ antiport. Photolabeling of the tonoplast with [3H]MIA revealed two sets of polypeptides with a different affinity to amiloride and its analog.