Preliminary genome-wide association mapping of rice bacterial leaf blight resistance loci using major Korean races of Xoo ('Xanthomonas oryzae')

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Ali, A, Yoon-Hyun, D, Noh, TH, Choi, YM, Lee, S, Oh, S & Lee, MC 2017, 'Preliminary genome-wide association mapping of rice bacterial leaf blight resistance loci using major Korean races of Xoo ('Xanthomonas oryzae')', Plant Omics, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 97-106.

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Bacterial leaf blight (BLB), caused by 'X. oryzae pv. oryzae' (Xoo), is one of the most destructive diseases of rice due to its high epidemic potential. Understanding BLB resistance at a genetic level is important to further improve the rice breeding that provides one of the best approaches to control BLB disease. In the present investigation, a collection of 96 accessions was used in the genome‐wide association study (GWAS) for BLB resistance loci against four Korean races of Xoo that were represented by the prevailing BLB isolates under Xoo differential system. The results of the bioassay using a selected set of 96 accessions showed that a large number of accessions (93.75%) were resistant to K1 race, while the least number of accessions (34.37%) resisted K3a race. For races K2 and K3, the resistant germplasm proportion remained between 66.67 to 70.83%. The genotypic data produced SNP matrix for a total of 293,379 SNPs. After imputation the missing data was removed, which exhibited 34,724 SNPs for association analysis. GWAS results showed strong signals of association at a threshold of [‐log10(P‐value)] more than 5 (K1 and K2) and more than 4 (K3 and K3a) for nine of the 39 SNPs, which are plausible candidate loci of resistance genes. These SNP loci were positioned on rice chromosome 2, 9, and 11 for K1 and K2 races, whereas on chromosome 4, 6, 11, and 12 for K3 and K3a races. The significant loci detected have also been illustrated, NBS‐LRR type disease resistance protein, SNARE domain containing protein, Histone deacetylase 19, NADPdependent oxidoreductase, and other expressed and unknown proteins. Our results provide a better understanding of the distribution of genetic variation of BLB resistance to Korean pathogen races and breeding of resistant rice cultivars.