Breeding of Pleurotus eryngii with a high temperature tolerance trait

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Im, CH, Kim, MK, Kim, KH, Cho, SJ, Lee, JJ, Joung, WK, Lee, SD, Choi, YJ, Ali, A & Ryu, JS 2014, 'Breeding of Pleurotus eryngii with a high temperature tolerance trait', Journal of Mushrooms, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 187-192.

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In order to breed a new P. eryngii cultivar with high temperature tolerance trait to cope with climate change, strains and cultivars were characterized at 20o C that is 5o C higher than normal condition followed by screening for the characteristics such as required days to harvest, quality and yield. Monokaryons from the selected strains were crossed. Da-32×KNR2322-15 derived from the crosses between KNR2322 having characteristics of short growing day and Da(Ga5Na5-4×KNR2312-7) having charateristics of high guality and yield at 20o C, showed 14.9 days for harvest, 120.6 g yield, and 7.0 quality in the first trial. The strains were named as Taeyangsongi and cultivated on a large scale to compare with Kenneutari No. 2 at a mushroom farm. Yield of Taeyangsongi (109 g) was significantly different(P=0.001) from Kenneutari No.2. Quality of the new (6.6) and the reference cultivar (3.5) was also statistically different (P=0.001) The brightness of pileus of Taeyangsongi (59.5) was 10 points less than the reference cultivar due to which it has an inability to bear high temperature stress. Thus, PCR reactions with URP2 discriminated between Taeyansongi and reference cultivars (Keneutari No. 2 and Aeryni).

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