Into the future: are individualisation risk and reflexivity influencing tourism policy directions?

Document Type

Conference publication

Publication details

Dredge, D & Jenkins, JM 2009, 'Into the future: are individualisation, risk and reflexivity influencing Australian tourism policy directions?', in J Carlsen, M Hughes, K Holmes & R Jones (eds), CAUTHE 2009: See Change: Tourism & Hospitality in a Dynamic World, Perth, WA, 10-13 February, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, WA. ISBN: 1863081526

Peer Reviewed



This paper adopts a meta-theoretical approach to promote better understandings about Australian governments’ shifting approach to tourism policy. This shift is driven by perceptions of tourism risks and governments’ approaches to identifying, framing and responding to those risks. The particular meta-theoretical lens that this paper draws upon is reflexive modernisation and its key elements: individualisation, risk and reflexivity. Drawing from five recent reports and inquiries, the paper illustrates that a paradigm shift is underway in the way that governments conceptualise tourism. We argue that tourism futures research, if it is to be useful in informing this paradigm shift, requires deeper engagement with the nature and directions of social and political change and tourism public policy.