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Pre-print of: Gainsbury, SM & Wood, R 2011, 'Internet gambling policy in critical comparative perspective: the effectiveness of existing regulatory frameworks', International Gambling Studies, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 309-323.

The publisher's version of this article is available at

This is a preprint of the article submitted for consideration in the International Gambling Studies © 2011 Taylor & Francis; International Gambling Studies is available online at: and this article is also available at

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Following the rapid progression of Internet gambling, governments internationally are struggling to create and enact appropriate and effective regulations. A situation of inter-jurisdictional inconsistency exists and regulatory frameworks are constantly changing, with international policies of prohibition, legalization or partial legalization, or imprecise legal limbo. The ambiguity of the current situation and questionable effectiveness of policies in place makes it difficult for gambling operators, treatment providers, players and other stakeholders to formulate appropriate responses to online gambling. This article aims to bring some clarity and offer guidance for the effective implementation of gambling policy by examining the comparative evolution of Internet gambling in Australia and Canada, and the respective social, legal, economic and political responses. The differences in the development of online gambling highlight the unique paths possible, yet the similarities between these jurisdictions provide key examples of how policymakers, gambling operators, researchers and consumers can respond to this phenomenon.

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