Turismo esportivo [Sports tourism]
Carvalhedo, A 2005, ' Turismo esportivo [Sports tourism]', in LP DaCosta (ed.), Atlas do esporte no Brasil [Atlas of sport in Brazil], Editora Shape, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, pp. 725-727.
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Sports tourism deals with trips for recreational purposes in which individuals take part in physical activities, watch sports events or visit attractions associated with sporting activities. With its roots in the Olympic Games of Ancient Greece, sports tourism started up in Brazil in the early 1940s with the first diving enterprises of leisure and competitions. Sport tourism has been mostly associated to eco-tourism in Brazil. Along the years many events have contributed to the development of sports tourism in Brazil such as the São Silvestre races (since 1945), the Maracanã stadium (1950), surf festivals (1970s), formula one races (1971), hang-gliding championships (1974), and mountain bike (1981) and rafting (1982) events among many others. Key features in Brazil as of 2002: more than half a million people do eco-tourism; it employs 30,000 people through 5,000 companies and private institutions within a market of about US$1.5 billion a year.